SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

______________

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2007

 

Commission file number: 001-13100

 

______________

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Maryland

56-1871668

 

 

(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

 

 

 

3100 Smoketree Court, Suite 600, Raleigh, N.C.

(Address of principal executive office)

 

27604

(Zip Code)

 

(919) 872-4924

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

______________

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a

non-accelerated filer. See definition of ‘accelerated filer’ and ‘large accelerated filer’ in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer x Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act). Yes o No x

 

The Company had 56,879,322 shares of common stock outstanding as of May 1, 2007.

 


 

 

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

 

QUARTERLY REPORT FOR THE PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2007

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I

 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

 

2

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006

 

3

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006

 

4

 

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended
March 31, 2007

 

5

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2007
and 2006

 

6

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

8

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

35

 

 

 

Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

35

 

 

 

Overview

 

35

 

 

 

Results of Operations

 

38

 

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

41

 

 

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

47

 

 

 

Funds From Operations

 

47

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

50

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

53

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

53

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

We refer to (1) Highwoods Properties, Inc. as the “Company,” (2) Highwoods Realty Limited Partnership as the “Operating Partnership,” (3) the Company’s common stock as “Common Stock,” (4) the Company’s preferred stock as “Preferred Stock,” (5) the Operating Partnership’s common partnership interests as “Common Units,” (6) the Operating Partnership’s preferred partnership interests as “Preferred Units” and (7) in-service properties (excluding rental residential units) to which the Company and/or the Operating Partnership have title and 100.0% ownership rights as the “Wholly Owned Properties.”

 

The information furnished in the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) that are, in our opinion, necessary for a fair presentation of the aforementioned financial statements for the interim period.

 

The aforementioned financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Risk Factors included herein and in our 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 

2

 

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited and in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

March 31,
2007

 

December 31,
2006

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate assets, at cost:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land

 

$

350,245

 

$

345,548

 

Buildings and tenant improvements

 

 

2,615,830

 

 

2,573,032

 

Development in process

 

 

108,074

 

 

101,899

 

Land held for development

 

 

108,843

 

 

111,988

 

 

 

 

3,182,992

 

 

3,132,467

 

Less-accumulated depreciation

 

 

(609,148

)

 

(588,307

)

Net real estate assets

 

 

2,573,844

 

 

2,544,160

 

Real estate and other assets, net, held for sale

 

 

5,519

 

 

34,944

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

17,004

 

 

16,690

 

Restricted cash

 

 

1,692

 

 

2,027

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $1,011 and $1,253, respectively

 

 

24,830

 

 

23,347

 

Notes receivable, net of allowance of $780 and $786, respectively

 

 

7,295

 

 

7,871

 

Accrued straight-line rents receivable, net of allowance of $749 and $301,
respectively

 

 

69,920

 

 

68,364

 

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

61,763

 

 

60,359

 

Deferred financing and leasing costs, net of accumulated amortization

 

 

68,885

 

 

66,352

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

19,952

 

 

20,739

 

Total Assets

 

$

2,850,704

 

$

2,844,853

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities, Minority Interest and Stockholders' Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgages and notes payable

 

$

1,487,509

 

$

1,465,129

 

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

139,858

 

 

156,737

 

Financing obligations

 

 

35,529

 

 

35,530

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

1,662,896

 

 

1,657,396

 

Commitments and Contingencies (see Note 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minority interest

 

 

70,369

 

 

79,726

 

Stockholders' Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock, $.01 par value, 50,000,000 authorized shares;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 5/8% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares (liquidation
preference $1,000 per share), 104,945 shares issued and outstanding at
March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006

 

 

104,945

 

 

104,945

 

8% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares (liquidation
preference $25 per share), 3,700,000 shares issued and outstanding at
March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006

 

 

92,500

 

 

92,500

 

Common stock, $.01 par value, 200,000,000 authorized shares;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

56,710,660 and 56,211,148 shares issued and outstanding at
March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively

 

 

567

 

 

562

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

1,435,679

 

 

1,449,337

 

Distributions in excess of net earnings

 

 

(514,879

)

 

(538,098

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(1,373

)

 

(1,515

)

Total Stockholders' Equity

 

 

1,117,439

 

 

1,107,731

 

Total Liabilities, Minority Interest and Stockholders' Equity

 

$

2,850,704

 

$

2,844,853

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Income

(Unaudited and in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Rental and other revenues

 

$

108,742

 

$

101,079

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental property and other expenses

 

 

39,134

 

 

36,117

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

29,741

 

 

27,644

 

General and administrative

 

 

10,911

 

 

8,692

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

79,786

 

 

72,453

 

Interest expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contractual

 

 

22,689

 

 

23,810

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

 

566

 

 

744

 

Financing obligations

 

 

992

 

 

942

 

 

 

 

24,247

 

 

25,496

 

Other income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income

 

 

1,518

 

 

1,977

 

 

 

 

1,518

 

 

1,977

 

Income before disposition of property, insurance gain, minority interest and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

6,227

 

 

5,107

 

Gains on disposition of property, net

 

 

16,743

 

 

4,310

 

Gain from property insurance settlement

 

 

4,128

 

 

 

Minority interest

 

 

(2,629

)

 

(535

)

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

9,717

 

 

2,083

 

Income from continuing operations

 

 

34,186

 

 

10,965

 

Discontinued operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from discontinued operations, net of minority interest

 

 

110

 

 

1,423

 

Gains on sales of discontinued operations, net of minority interest

 

 

18,262

 

 

1,758

 

 

 

 

18,372

 

 

3,181

 

Net income

 

 

52,558

 

 

14,146

 

Dividends on preferred stock

 

 

(4,113

)

 

(4,724

)

Excess of preferred stock redemption cost over carrying value

 

 

 

 

(1,803

)

Net income available for common stockholders

 

$

48,445

 

$

7,619

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common share - basic:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

0.53

 

$

0.08

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

 

0.33

 

 

0.06

 

Net income

 

$

0.86

 

$

0.14

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic

 

 

56,040

 

 

53,813

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common share - diluted:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

0.53

 

$

0.08

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

 

0.32

 

 

0.06

 

Net income

 

$

0.85

 

$

0.14

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted

 

 

61,900

 

 

60,588

 

Dividends declared per common share

 

$

0.425

 

$

0.425

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2007

(Unaudited and in thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

 

 

Number of
Common
Shares

 

Common
Stock

 

Series A
Preferred

 

Series B
Preferred

 

Additional
Paid-In
Capital

 

Accumulated
Other
Compre-
hensive Loss

 

Distributions
in Excess of
Net Earnings

 

Total

 

Balance at December 31, 2006

 

56,211,148

 

$

562

 

$

104,945

 

$

92,500

 

$

1,449,337

 

$

(1,515

)

$

(538,098

)

$

1,107,731

 

Cumulative effect adjustment
resulting from the adoption of
FASB Interpretation No. 48

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(1,424

)

 

(1,424

)

Issuance of Common Stock

 

431,627

 

 

4

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

984

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

988

 

Common Stock dividends

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(23,802

)

 

(23,802

)

Preferred Stock dividends

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(4,113

)

 

(4,113

)

Adjustment to minority interest
of unitholders in the
Operating Partnership

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(15,773

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(15,773

)

Issuance of restricted stock, net

 

67,885

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

Amortization of restricted stock
and stock options

 

-

 

 

1

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

1,131

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

1,132

 

Other comprehensive income

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

142

 

 

-

 

 

142

 

Net income

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

52,558

 

 

52,558

 

Balance at March 31,

 

2007

 

56,710,660

 

$

567

 

$

104,945

 

$

92,500

 

$

1,435,679

 

$

(1,373

)

$

(514,879

)

$

1,117,439

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited and in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

52,558

 

$

14,146

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

29,746

 

 

28,750

 

Amortization of lease incentives

 

 

222

 

 

163

 

Amortization of restricted stock and stock options

 

 

1,132

 

 

845

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

 

566

 

 

744

 

Amortization of accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

142

 

 

177

 

Gains on disposition of property

 

 

(36,486

)

 

(6,204

)

Gain from property insurance settlement

 

 

(4,128

)

 

-

 

Minority interest

 

 

4,119

 

 

815

 

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

(9,717

)

 

(2,083

)

Change in financing obligations

 

 

(1

)

 

128

 

Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

1,962

 

 

2,354

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(1,057

)

 

2,358

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

223

 

 

124

 

Accrued straight-line rents receivable

 

 

(1,572

)

 

(2,521

)

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

(11,965

)

 

84

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

25,744

 

 

39,880

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additions to real estate assets and deferred leasing costs

 

 

(66,275

)

 

(34,783

)

Proceeds from disposition of real estate assets

 

 

65,028

 

 

158,677

 

Proceeds from property insurance settlement

 

 

4,940

 

 

-

 

Distributions of capital from unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

6,383

 

 

1,371

 

Net repayments in notes receivable

 

 

576

 

 

513

 

Contributions to unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

-

 

 

(100

)

Cash assumed upon consolidation of unconsolidated affiliate

 

 

-

 

 

645

 

Other investing activities

 

 

495

 

 

(624

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

11,147

 

 

125,699

 

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distributions paid on Common Stock and Common Units

 

 

(25,766

)

 

(25,237

)

Redemption of Preferred Stock

 

 

-

 

 

(50,000

)

Dividends paid on Preferred Stock

 

 

(4,113

)

 

(4,724

)

Distributions of earnings to minority partner in consolidated affiliate

 

 

(928

)

 

(127

)

Net proceeds from the sale of Common Stock

 

 

988

 

 

310

 

Repurchase of Common Units

 

 

(27,402

)

 

(1,497

)

Borrowings on revolving credit facility

 

 

106,400

 

 

92,000

 

Repayments of revolving credit facility

 

 

(416,900

)

 

(104,500

)

Borrowings on mortgages and notes payable

 

 

401,571

 

 

-

 

Repayments of mortgages and notes payable

 

 

(68,696

)

 

(48,829

)

Contributions from minority interest partner

 

 

1,045

 

 

-

 

Additions to deferred financing costs and other financing activities

 

 

(2,776

)

 

(43

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(36,577

)

 

(142,647

)

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

314

 

$

22,932

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

 

 

16,690

 

 

1,212

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period

 

$

17,004

 

$

24,144

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Continued

(Unaudited and in thousands)

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized (excludes cash distributions to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

owners of sold properties account for as financings of $663 and $482 for
2007 and 2006, respectively

 

$

22,666

 

$

21,316

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

The following table summarizes the net asset acquisitions and dispositions subject to mortgage notes payable and other non-cash transactions:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net real estate assets

 

$

-

 

$

42,948

 

Restricted cash

 

 

-

 

 

(1,865

)

Accounts receivable

 

 

-

 

 

102

 

Accrued straight-line rents receivable

 

 

-

 

 

962

 

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

-

 

 

(2,066

)

Deferred financing and leasing costs, net

 

 

-

 

 

287

 

 

 

$

-

 

$

40,368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgages and notes payable

 

$

-

 

$

39,964

 

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

-

 

 

(1,652

)

 

 

$

-

 

$

38,312

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minority Interest and Stockholders’ Equity

 

$

-

 

$

2,056

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

7

 

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

March 31, 2007

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

1.

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Description of Business

 

Highwoods Properties, Inc., together with its consolidated subsidiaries (the "Company"), is a fully-integrated, self-administered and self-managed equity real estate investment trust ("REIT") that operates in the southeastern and midwestern United States. The Company conducts substantially all of its activities through Highwoods Realty Limited Partnership (the “Operating Partnership”). Other than 22.4 acres of undeveloped land, 13 rental residential units and the Company’s interest in the Kessinger/Hunter, LLC and 4600 Madison Associates, LLC joint ventures (see Note 2), all of the Company’s assets are owned directly or indirectly by the Operating Partnership. As of March 31, 2007, the Company directly and/or through the Operating Partnership wholly owned: 320 in-service office, industrial and retail properties; 109 rental residential units; 625 acres of undeveloped land suitable for future development, of which 421 acres are considered core holdings; and an additional 16 properties under development.

 

At March 31, 2007, the Company owned all of the preferred partnership interests (“Preferred Units”) and 93.2% of the common partnership interests ("Common Units") in the Operating Partnership. Limited partners (including certain officers and directors of the Company) own the remaining Common Units. Generally, the Operating Partnership is required to redeem each Common Unit at the request of the holder thereof for cash equal to the value of one share of the Company’s Common Stock, $.01 par value (the “Common Stock”), based on the average of the market price for the 10 trading days immediately preceding the notice date of such redemption provided that the Company at its option may elect to acquire any such Common Units presented for redemption for cash or one share of Common Stock. The Common Units owned by the Company are not redeemable. During the three months ended March 31, 2007, the Company redeemed 618,257 Common Units for $27.4 million in cash, which increased the percentage of Common Units owned by the Company from 92.2% at December 31, 2006 to 93.2% at March 31, 2007. Preferred Units in the Operating Partnership were issued to the Company in connection with the Company’s Preferred Stock offerings in 1997 and 1998 (the “Preferred Stock”). The net proceeds raised from each of the Preferred Stock issuances were contributed by the Company to the Operating Partnership in exchange for the Preferred Units. The terms of each series of Preferred Units parallel the terms of the respective Preferred Stock as to dividends, liquidation and redemption rights.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company are prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”). Certain amounts in the December 31, 2006 Consolidated Balance Sheet have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation. As more fully described in Note 9, as required by Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets,” (“SFAS No. 144”), the Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2006 was revised from previously reported amounts to reflect in real estate and other assets held for sale those properties held for sale in the first three months of 2007.

 

8

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

1.

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - Continued

 

The Consolidated Financial Statements include the Operating Partnership, wholly owned subsidiaries and those subsidiaries in which the Company owns a majority voting interest with the ability to control operations of the subsidiaries and where no substantive participating rights or substantive kick out rights have been granted to the minority interest holders. In accordance with EITF Issue No. 04-5, “Determining Whether a General Partner or the General Partners as a Group, Controls a Limited Partnership or Similar Entity When the Limited Partners Have Certain Rights,” the Company consolidates partnerships, joint ventures and limited liability companies when the Company controls the major operating and financial policies of the entity through majority ownership or in its capacity as general partner or managing member. In addition, the Company consolidates those entities, if any, where the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary in a variable interest entity (as defined by FASB Interpretation No. 46 (revised December 2003) “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities” (“FIN 46(R)”)). All significant intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated.

 

The accompanying unaudited financial information, in the opinion of management, contains all adjustments (including normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows. The Company has condensed or omitted certain notes and other information from the interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company has elected and expects to continue to qualify as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). A corporate REIT is a legal entity that holds real estate assets and, through the payment of dividends to stockholders, is generally permitted to reduce or avoid the payment of federal and state income taxes at the corporate level. To maintain qualification as a REIT, the Company is required to distribute to its stockholders at least 90.0% of its annual REIT taxable income, excluding capital gains. Aggregate dividends paid on Preferred Stock exceeded REIT taxable income (excluding capital gains) in 2006, which resulted in no required dividend on Common Stock in 2006 for REIT qualification purposes. Continued qualification as a REIT depends on the Company’s ability to satisfy the dividend distribution tests, stock ownership requirements and various other qualification tests prescribed in the Code. The Company conducts certain business activities through a taxable REIT subsidiary, as permitted under the Code. The taxable REIT subsidiary is subject to federal and state income taxes on its net taxable income. The Company records provisions for income taxes, to the extent required under SFAS No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes” (“SFAS No. 109”), based on its income recognized for financial statement purposes, including the effects of temporary differences between such income and the amount recognized for tax purposes. Additionally, beginning January 1, 2007, the Company began to recognize and measure the effects of uncertain tax positions under FASB Interpretation No. 48 (“FIN 48”), “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, an interpretation of SFAS No. 109.” See Impact of Newly Adopted and Issued Accounting Standards below and Note 12 for discussion of the effect of FIN 48 on the Company’s accounting for income taxes.

 

9

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

1.

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - Continued

 

Minority Interest

 

Minority interest in the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements relates primarily to the ownership by various individuals and entities other than the Company of Common Units in the Operating Partnership. In addition, minority interest is also recorded for the 50.0% interest in a consolidated affiliate, Highwoods-Markel Associates, LLC (“Markel”), the equity interest owned by a third party in a consolidated venture formed during 2006 with Real Estate Exchange Services (“REES”), and the 7% equity interest owned by a third party in Plaza Residential LLC, a consolidated joint venture formed in February 2007 related to an office condominium project, as described below. As of March 31, 2007, minority interest in the Operating Partnership consisted of approximately 4.1 million Common Units. Minority interest in the net income of the Operating Partnership is computed by applying the weighted average percentage of Common Units not owned by the Company during the period (as a percent of the total number of outstanding Common Units) to the Operating Partnership’s net income after deducting distributions on Preferred Units. The result is the amount of minority interest expense (or income) recorded for the period. In addition, when a minority unitholder redeems a Common Unit for a share of Common Stock or cash, the minority interest is reduced and the Company’s share in the Operating Partnership is increased. At the end of each reporting period, the Company determines the amount that represents the minority unitholders’ share of the net assets (at book value) of the Operating Partnership and compares this amount to the minority interest balance that resulted from transactions during the period involving minority interest. The Company adjusts the minority interest liability to the computed share of net assets with an offsetting adjustment to the Company’s paid in capital.

 

The organizational documents of Markel require the entity to be liquidated through the sale of its assets upon reaching December 31, 2100. As controlling partner, the Company has an obligation to cause this property-owning entity to distribute proceeds of liquidation to the minority interest partner in these partially owned properties only if the net proceeds received by the entity from the sale of its assets warrant a distribution as determined by the agreement. In accordance with the disclosure provisions of SFAS No. 150, “Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of both Liabilities and Equity” (“SFAS No. 150”), the Company estimates the value of minority interest distributions would have been approximately $10.9 million had the entity been liquidated as of March 31, 2007. This estimated settlement value is based on estimated third party consideration realizable by the entity upon a hypothetical disposition of the properties and is net of all other assets and liabilities. The actual amount of any distributions to the minority interest holder in this entity is difficult to predict due to many factors, including the inherent uncertainty of real estate sales. If the entity’s underlying assets are worth less than the underlying liabilities on the date of such liquidation, the Company would have no obligation to remit any consideration to the minority interest holder.

 

In the fourth quarter of 2006, the Company entered into an agreement with REES to ground lease certain development land to special purpose entities owned by REES. Under the agreement, REES makes an equity contribution to each such entity in an amount equal to 7% of the costs of constructing properties on the entity’s land (not to exceed $4.0 million outstanding in the aggregate at any time). REES earns an agreed fixed return for its economic investment in the entity. The balance of development costs are funded by third party construction loans. Until such third party construction loans are obtained, the remaining 93% of costs are loaned by the Company to the entity. Subject to the exercise of a purchase option, it is expected that the properties will be acquired by the Company in the future at an amount generally equal to the actual development costs incurred plus the fixed return earned by REES for its economic investment in these entities. Because the Company is considered the primary beneficiary, the Company consolidates these special purpose entities in accordance with FIN 46(R). Consolidated entities will be re-evaluated for primary beneficiary status when the entity undertakes additional activity, such as placing the development projects in-service. REES’s investment in these entities is included in minority interest as shown in the tables below. All costs to form the entities and other related fees have been expensed as incurred.

 

 

10

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

1.

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - Continued

 

In the first quarter of 2007, the Company’s taxable REIT subsidiary formed Plaza Residential LLC with Dominion Partners LLC (“Dominion”). Plaza Residential was formed to develop and sell 139 residential condominiums to be constructed above an office tower being developed by the Company in Raleigh, NC. Dominion has a 7% equity interest in the project and will perform development services for the joint venture for a market development fee and guarantees 40.0% of the construction financing. Dominion will also receive 35.0% of the net profits from the joint venture once the partners have received distributions equal to their equity plus a 12.0% return on their equity. The Company is consolidating this majority owned joint venture and inter-company transactions have been eliminated in the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Following is minority interest as reflected in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income and Consolidated Balance Sheets:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Amount shown as minority interest in continuing operations (1)

 

$

(2,629

)

$

(535

)

Amount related to income from discontinued operations

 

 

(9

)

 

(144

)

Amount related to gains on sales of discontinued operations

 

 

(1,481

)

 

(136

)

Total minority interest in net income

 

$

(4,119

)

$

(815

)

______________

(1)

2007 and 2006 includes $0.18 million and $0.09 million related to the consolidated entities other than the Operating Partnership.

 

 

 

March 31,
2007

 

December 31,
2006

 

Minority interest in the Operating Partnership

 

$

67,194

 

$

76,848

 

Minority interest in Markel

 

 

2,071

 

 

2,118

 

Minority interest in REES

 

 

947

 

 

760

 

Minority interest in Plaza Residential

 

 

157

 

 

-

 

Total minority interest

 

$

70,369

 

$

79,726

 

 

Impact of Newly Adopted and Issued Accounting Standards

 

In June 2006, the FASB issued FIN 48, which the Company adopted as of January 1, 2007. See Note 12 for further discussion.

 

In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS No. 157”). SFAS No. 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures concerning fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 becomes effective for the Company on January 1, 2008. The Company is currently evaluating the impact SFAS No. 157 will have on its financial condition and results of operations.

 

In December 2006, the FASB issued FSP EITF 00-19-2, “Accounting for Registration Payment Arrangements,” to specify that the contingent obligation to make future payments or otherwise transfer consideration under a registration payment arrangement should be separately recognized and measured in accordance with FASB Statement No. 5, “Accounting for Contingencies.” The FSP is effective immediately for registration payment arrangements and the financial instruments subject to those arrangements that are entered into or modified subsequent to the issuance date of this FSP and effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006 and interim periods within those fiscal years for arrangements that were entered into prior to the issuance of this FSP. See Note 5 for discussion of a registration rights agreement the Company entered into in the first quarter of 2007.

 

11

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

1.

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - Continued

 

In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities” (“SFAS No. 159”), which permits all entities to choose to measure eligible items at fair value at specified election dates. SFAS No. 159 becomes effective for the Company on January 1, 2008. The Company is currently evaluating the impact SFAS No. 159 will have on its financial condition and results of operations.

 

2.

INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED AND OTHER AFFILIATES

 

The Company has various joint ventures with unrelated investors and has retained equity interests ranging from 12.5% to 50.0% in these joint ventures. The Company accounts for its unconsolidated joint ventures using the equity method of accounting. As a result, the assets and liabilities of these joint ventures for which the Company uses the equity method of accounting are not included on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.

 

During the third quarter of 2006, three of the Company’s joint ventures made distributions aggregating $17.0 million as a result of a refinancing of debt related to various properties held by the joint ventures. The Company received 50.0% of such distributions. As a result of these distributions, the Company’s investment account in these joint ventures became negative. The new debt is non-recourse; however, the Company and its partner have guaranteed other debt and have contractual obligations to support the joint ventures, which are included in the Guarantees and Other Obligations table in Note 11. Therefore, in accordance with SOP 78-9, “Accounting for Investments in Real Estate Ventures,” the Company recorded the distributions as a reduction of the investment account and included the resulting negative investment balances of $6.7 million in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2007.

 

The Company has had a number of consolidated joint ventures. SF-HIW Harborview Plaza, LP is accounted for as a financing arrangement pursuant to SFAS No. 66, “Accounting for Sales of Real Estate” (“SFAS No. 66”), as described in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K; MG-HIW, LLC was accounted for as a financing arrangement pursuant to SFAS No. 66 as described in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K; The Vinings at University Center, LLC was consolidated pursuant to FIN 46(R) as described further below until late 2006 upon the sale of the venture’s assets and distribution of its net cash assets to its partners; and Markel, REES and Plaza Residential, which are discussed in Note 1, are each consolidated.

 

12

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

2.

INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED AND OTHER AFFILIATES - Continued

 

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates as of March 31, 2007 and combined summarized income statements for the Company’s unconsolidated joint ventures for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 were as follows:

 

Joint Venture

 

Location of Properties

 

Total Rentable
Square Feet
(000)

 

Ownership
Interest

 

Board of Trade Investment Company

 

Kansas City, MO

 

166

 

49.00

%

 

Dallas County Partners I, LP

 

Des Moines, IA

 

641

 

50.00

%

 

Dallas County Partners II, LP

 

Des Moines, IA

 

272

 

50.00

%

 

Dallas County Partners III, LP

 

Des Moines, IA

 

7

 

50.00

%

 

Fountain Three

 

Des Moines, IA

 

785

 

50.00

%

 

RRHWoods, LLC

 

Des Moines, IA

 

800

(1)

50.00

%

 

Kessinger/Hunter, LLC

 

Kansas City, MO

 

(2)

26.50

%

 

4600 Madison Associates, LLC

 

Kansas City, MO

 

262

 

12.50

%

 

Plaza Colonnade, LLC

 

Kansas City, MO

 

290

 

50.00

%

 

Highwoods DLF 98/29, LP

 

Atlanta, GA; Charlotte, NC; Greensboro, NC; Raleigh, NC; Orlando, FL; Baltimore, MD

 

923

 

22.81

%

 

Highwoods DLF 97/26 DLF 99/32, LP

 

Atlanta, GA; Greensboro, NC; Orlando, FL

 

822

 

42.93

%

 

Highwoods KC Glenridge Office, LP

 

Atlanta, GA

 

185

 

40.00

%

 

Highwoods KC Glenridge Land, LP

 

Atlanta, GA

 

 

40.00

%

 

HIW-KC Orlando LLC

 

Orlando, FL

 

1,274

 

40.00

%

 

Concourse Center Associates, LLC

 

Greensboro, NC

 

118

 

50.00

%

 

Weston Lakeside, LLC

 

Raleigh, NC

 

(3)

50.00

%

 

Total

 

 

 

6,545

(4)

 

 

 

______________

(1)

Includes a 31,000 square foot office building currently under development and 418 rental residential units.

(2)

This joint venture provides property management, leasing and brokerage services and provides certain construction-related services to certain Wholly Owned Properties; therefore, no rentable square feet is provided.

(3)

This joint venture was constructing 332 rental residential units at December 31, 2006. These assets were sold in February 2007 as described below.

(4)

Total does not include in-service operating properties held by consolidated joint ventures totaling 618,000 square feet.

 

 

13

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

2.

INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED AND OTHER AFFILIATES - Continued

 

 

 

For The Three Months
Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Income Statements:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$

38,017

 

$

34,018

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

 

15,163

 

 

14,239

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

7,253

 

 

6,998

 

Interest expense and loan cost amortization

 

 

8,632

 

 

8,324

 

Total expenses

 

 

31,048

 

 

29,561

 

Income before disposition of property

 

 

6,969

 

 

4,457

 

Gains on disposition of property

 

 

20,621

 

 

-

 

Net income

 

$

27,590

 

$

4,457

 

The Company’s share of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (1)

 

$

9,717

 

$

2,083

 

Depreciation and amortization (real estate related)

 

$

2,866

 

$

2,675

 

Interest expense and loan cost amortization

 

$

3,661

 

$

3,480

 

Gains on disposition of property

 

$

7,158

 

$

-

 

______________

(1)

The Company’s share of net income differs from its weighted average ownership percentage in the joint ventures’ net income due to the Company’s purchase accounting and other related adjustments.

 

On September 27, 2004, the Company and an affiliate of Crosland, Inc. (“Crosland”) formed Weston Lakeside, LLC, in which the Company has a 50.0% ownership interest. On June 29, 2005, the Company contributed 22.4 acres of land at an agreed upon value of $3.9 million to this joint venture, and Crosland contributed approximately $2.0 million in cash. Immediately thereafter, the joint venture distributed approximately $1.9 million to the Company and the Company recorded a gain of $0.5 million. Crosland managed and operated this joint venture, which constructed approximately 332 rental residential units in three buildings, at a total estimated cost of approximately $33 million. Crosland received 3.25% of all project costs other than land as a development fee and 3.5% of the gross revenue of the joint venture in management fees. The joint venture financed the development with a $28.4 million construction loan guaranteed by Crosland. The Company provided certain development services for the project and received a fee equal to 1.0% of all project costs excluding land. The Company has accounted for this joint venture using the equity method of accounting. On February 22, 2007, the joint venture sold the 332 rental residential units to a third party for gross proceeds of $45.0 million. Mortgage debt in the amount of $27.1 million was paid off and various development related costs were paid. The joint venture recorded a gain of $11.3 million in the first quarter of 2007 related to this sale and the Company recorded $5.0 million as its proportionate share through equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates. The Company’s share of the gain was less than 50.0% due to Crosland’s preferred return as the developer. The Company received a net distribution of $6.1 million and may receive a further small and final distribution. As of May 1, 2007, the joint venture is dormant pending the final distribution to the partners.

 

14

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

2.

INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED AND OTHER AFFILIATES - Continued

 

Highwoods DLF 98/29, L.P.

 

The Company has a 22.81% interest in a joint venture (“DLF I”) with Schweiz-Deutschland-USA Dreilander Beteiligung Objekt DLF 98/29-Walker Fink-KG ("DLF"). The Company is the property manager and leasing agent of DLF I’s properties and receives customary management and leasing fees. On March 12, 2007, DLF I sold five properties to a third party for gross proceeds of $34.2 million and recorded a gain of $9.3 million related to this sale. The Company recorded $2.1 million as its proportionate share of this gain through equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates.

 

For additional information regarding the Company’s other investments in unconsolidated and other affiliates, see Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

3.

FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS

 

For information regarding sale transactions that have been accounted for as financing arrangements under paragraphs 25 through 29 of SFAS No. 66, see Note 5 herein and Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

4.

ASSET DISPOSITIONS

 

Gains, losses and impairments on disposition of properties, net, from dispositions not classified as discontinued operations, consisted of the following:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Gains on disposition of land

 

$

15,835

 

$

3,040

 

Gains on disposition of depreciable properties

 

 

908

 

 

1,270

 

Total

 

$

16,743

 

$

4,310

 

 

The above gains on land and depreciable properties in the first quarter of 2006 include deferred gain recognition from prior sales and adjustments to prior sale transactions.

 

Gains on sales of discontinued operations, net of minority interest, consisted of the following:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Gains on disposition of depreciable properties

 

$

19,743

 

$

1,894

 

Allocable minority interest

 

 

(1,481

)

 

(136

)

Total

 

$

18,262

 

$

1,758

 

 

See Note 9 for information on discontinued operations and impairment of long-lived assets.

 

15

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

5.

MORTGAGES, NOTES PAYABLE AND FINANCING OBLIGATIONS

 

The Company’s consolidated mortgages and notes payable consisted of the following at March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006:

 

 

 

March 31,
2007

 

December 31,
2006

 

Secured mortgage loans

 

$

675,724

 

$

741,629

 

Unsecured loans

 

 

811,785

(1)

 

723,500

 

Total

 

$

1,487,509

 

$

1,465,129

 

_______________

(1)

Represents stated amount less $1.2 million original issue discount on bonds issued in 2007.

 

As of March 31, 2007, the Company’s outstanding mortgages and notes payable were secured by real estate assets with an aggregate undepreciated book value of approximately $1.0 billion.

 

The Company’s $450.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility is initially scheduled to mature on May 1, 2009. Assuming no default exists, the Company has an option to extend the maturity date by one additional year and, at any time prior to May 1, 2008, may request increases in the borrowing availability under the credit facility by up to an additional $50 million. The interest rate is LIBOR plus 80 basis points and the annual base facility fee is 20 basis points. The revolving credit facility had $366.9 million of availability as of May 1, 2007.

 

The Company’s revolving credit facility and the indenture that governs the Operating Partnership’s outstanding notes require it to comply with customary operating covenants and various financial and operating ratios. The Company and the Operating Partnership are each currently in compliance with all such requirements.

 

On March 22, 2007, the Operating Partnership sold $400 million aggregate principal amount of 5.85% Notes due March 15, 2017, net of original issue discount of $1.2 million. The notes were issued under the indenture, dated as of December 1, 1996, among the Operating Partnership, the Company and U.S. Bank National Association (as successor in interest to Wachovia Bank, N.A.), the trustee, and pursuant to resolutions of the Board of Directors of the Company and an officers’ certificate dated as of March 22, 2007 establishing the terms of the notes. The Company used the net proceeds from the sale of the notes to repay borrowings outstanding under an unsecured non-revolving credit facility that was obtained on January 31, 2007 (which was subsequently terminated) and under the revolving credit facility. In connection with the completion of the offering, the Company and the Operating Partnership entered into a registration rights agreement dated March 22, 2007 with the initial purchasers of the notes. The registration rights agreement requires the Operating Partnership to file, within 90 days after the closing date of the sale of the notes, a registration statement with respect to an offer to exchange the notes for other freely tradable notes that are registered under the Securities Act of 1933 and to cause such exchange offer registration statement to become effective within 180 days after the closing date. The Operating Partnership is required to complete the exchange offer within 210 days after the closing date. If the Operating Partnership fails to comply with the provisions of the registration rights agreement, the interest rate will be increased by 0.25% per annum during the

90-day period immediately following the default and will increase by 0.25% per annum at the end of each subsequent 90-day period, but in no event shall such increase exceed 0.50% per annum. Management currently believes that the Company will timely fulfill its obligations under the registration rights agreement and, accordingly, no amounts have been recorded for potential future additional interest costs.

 

16

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

5.

MORTGAGES, NOTES PAYABLE AND FINANCING OBLIGATIONS - Continued

 

Financing Obligations

 

The Company’s financing obligations consisted of the following at March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006:

 

 

 

March 31,
2007

 

December 31,
2006

 

SF-HIW Harborview, LP financing obligation (1)

 

$

16,146

 

$

16,157

 

Tax increment financing obligation (2)

 

 

18,308

 

 

18,308

 

Capitalized ground lease obligation (3)

 

 

1,075

 

 

1,065

 

Total

 

$

35,529

 

$

35,530

 

______________

(1)

See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion of this financing obligation.

(2)

In connection with tax increment financing for construction of a public garage related to an office building constructed by the Company in 2000, the Company is obligated to pay fixed special assessments over a 20-year period. The net present value of these assessments, discounted at 6.93% at the inception of the obligation, which represents the interest rate on the underlying bond financing, is shown as a financing obligation in the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company also receives special tax revenues and property tax rebates recorded in interest and other income, which are intended, but not guaranteed, to provide funds to pay the special assessments.

(3)

Represents a capitalized lease obligation to the lessor of land on which the Company is constructing a new building. The Company is obligated to make fixed payments to the lessor through October 2022 and the lease provides for fixed price purchase options in the ninth and tenth years of the lease. The Company intends to exercise the purchase option in order to prevent an economic penalty related to conveying the building to the lessor at the expiration of the lease. The net present value of the fixed rental payments and purchase option through the ninth year was calculated using a discount rate of 7.1%. The assets and liabilities under the capital lease are recorded at the lower of the present value of minimum lease payments or the fair value. The liability accretes each month for the difference between the interest rate on the financing obligation and the fixed payments. The accretion will continue until the liability equals the purchase option of the land in the ninth year of the lease.

 

6.

EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

 

Officer, Management and Director Compensation Programs

 

The Company's officers participate in an annual non-equity incentive program whereby they are eligible for incentive payments based on a percentage of their annual base salary. In addition to considering the pay practices of the Company’s peer group in determining each officer’s incentive payment percentage, the officer’s ability to influence the Company’s performance is also considered. Each officer has a target annual non-equity incentive payment percentage that ranges from 25.0% to 85.0% of base salary depending on the officer’s position. The officer’s actual incentive payment for the year is the product of the target annual incentive payment percentage times a performance ‘factor,’ which can range from zero to 200.0%. This performance factor depends upon the relationship between how various performance criteria compare with predetermined goals. For an officer who has division responsibilities, goals for certain performance criteria are based partly on the division’s actual performance relative to that division’s established goals for each criteria and partly on actual total Company performance relative to the same criteria. Incentive payments are accrued and expensed in the year earned and are generally paid in the first quarter of the following year.

 

17

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

6.

EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS - Continued

 

Certain other members of management participate in an annual non-equity incentive program whereby a target annual cash incentive payment is established based upon the job responsibilities of their position. Incentive payment eligibility ranges from 10.0% to 40.0% of annual base salary. The actual incentive payment is determined by the overall performance of the Company and the individual’s performance during each year. These incentive payments are also accrued and expensed in the year earned and are generally paid in the first quarter of the following year.

 

The Company’s officers generally receive annual grants of stock options and restricted stock on or about March 1 of each year under the Amended and Restated 1994 Stock Option Plan (the “Stock Option Plan”). Stock options have also been granted to the Company’s directors; currently, directors do not receive annual stock option grants. Restricted stock grants are also made annually to directors and certain non-officer employees. As of March 31, 2007, 9.0 million shares of Common Stock were authorized for issuance under the Stock Option Plan. Stock options issued prior to 2005 vest ratably over four years and remain outstanding for 10 years. Stock options issued beginning in 2005 vest ratably over a four-year period and remain outstanding for seven years. The value of all options as of the date of grant is calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

 

The Company generally makes annual grants of time-based restricted stock under its Stock Option Plan to its directors, officers and other employees. Shares of time-based restricted stock issued prior to 2005 generally vest 50.0% three years from the date of grant and the remaining 50.0% five years from date of grant. Shares of time-based restricted stock that were issued to officers and employees in 2005 will vest one-third on the third anniversary, one-third on the fourth anniversary and one-third on the fifth anniversary of the date of grant. Shares of time-based restricted stock that were issued to officers and employees in 2006 and 2007 will vest 25% on the first, second, third and fourth anniversary dates, respectively. Shares of time-based restricted stock issued to directors generally vest 25% on January 1 of each successive year after the grant date. The value of grants of time-based restricted stock is based on the market value of Common Stock as of the date of grant and is amortized to expense over the respective vesting or service periods.

 

The Company also has issued shares of restricted stock to officers under its Stock Option Plan that will vest if the Company’s total shareholder return exceeds the average total returns of a selected group of peer companies over a three-year period. If the Company’s total shareholder return does not equal or exceed such average total returns, none of the total return-based restricted stock will vest. The 2006 and 2007 grants also contain a provision allowing for partial vesting if the annual total return in any given year of the three-year period exceeds 9% on an absolute basis. The grant date fair values of each such share of total return-based restricted stock were determined by an outside consultant and are being amortized to expense on a straight-line method over the three-year period.

 

The Company also has issued shares of performance-based restricted stock to officers under its Stock Option Plan that will vest pursuant to performance-based criteria. The performance-based criteria are based on whether or not the Company meets or exceeds at the end of three-year performance periods certain operating and financial goals established under its Strategic Plan. To the extent actual performance equals or exceeds threshold performance goals, the portion of shares of performance-based restricted stock that vest can range from 50% to 100%. If actual performance does not meet such threshold goals, none of the performance-based restricted stock will vest. The fair value of performance-based restricted share grants is based on the market value of Common Stock as of the date of grant and the estimated performance to be achieved at the end of the three-year period. Such fair value is being amortized to expense over the three-year performance periods, adjusting for the expected level of vesting that will occur at those dates.

 

18

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

6.

EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS - Continued

 

Up to 100% of additional total return-based restricted stock and up to 50% of additional performance-based restricted stock may be issued at the end of the three-year periods if actual performance exceeds certain levels of performance. Such additional shares, if any, would be fully vested when issued. The Company will also accrue and record expense for additional performance-based shares during the three-year period to the extent issuance of the additional shares is expected based on the Company’s current and projected actual performance. In accordance with SFAS No. 123(R), no expense is recorded for additional shares of total return-based restricted stock that may be issued at the end of the three-year period since that possibility is already reflected in the grant date fair value.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, the Company recognized approximately $1.2 million and $0.9 million, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense. As of March 31, 2007, there was $8.6 million of total unrecognized stock-based compensation costs, which will be recognized over a weighted average remaining contractual term of 2.4 years.

 

Using the Black-Scholes options valuation model, the weighted average fair values of options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 were $6.32 and $3.98, respectively, per option. The fair values of the options granted in 2007 and 2006 were estimated at the grant dates using the following weighted average assumptions:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Risk free interest rate (1)

 

4.50

%

4.63

%

Common stock dividend yield (2)

 

4.05

%

5.21

%

Expected volatility (3)

 

18.91

%

18.89

%

Average expected option life (years) (4)

 

5.75

 

4.75

 

Options granted

 

143,629

 

241,151

 

______________

(1)

Represents interest rate on US treasury bonds having the same life as the estimated life of the Company’s options.

(2)

The dividend yield is calculated utilizing the dividends paid for the previous one-year period and the Company’s stock price on the date of grant.

(3)

Based on historical volatility of the Company’s stock over a period relevant to the related stock option grant.

(4)

The average expected option life for the grants are based on an analysis of historical company data.

 

The following table summarizes information about stock option activity during the three months ended March 31, 2007:

 

 

 

Options Outstanding

 

 

 

Number
of Shares

 

Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price

 

Balances at December 31, 2006

 

2,975,071

 

$

24.67

 

Options granted

 

143,629

 

 

41.93

 

Options forfeited

 

(67,828

)

 

27.93

 

Options cancelled

 

-

 

 

-

 

Options exercised

 

(834,181

)

 

23.37

 

Balances at March 31, 2007

 

2,216,691

 

$

26.17

 

 

 

19

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

6.

EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS - Continued

 

Cash received or receivable from options exercised was $7.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2007. The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $18.6 million. No options were exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2006. The total intrinsic value of options outstanding at March 31, 2007 and 2006 was $29.9 million and $49.1 million, respectively. The Company generally does not permit the net cash settlement of exercised stock options, but does permit net share settlement for certain qualified exercises. The Company has a policy of issuing new shares to satisfy stock option exercises.

 

The following table sets forth information at March 31, 2007 about (a) the outstanding number of vested stock options and those expected to vest and (b) the number of those options that are exercisable.

 

 

 

Number of
Shares

 

Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price

 

Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in 000s)

 

Weighted
Average
Remaining
Life
(years)

 

Outstanding

 

2,127,685

 

$

26.09

 

$

28,846

 

4.80

 

Exercisable

 

1,488,228

 

$

23.96

 

$

23,116

 

4.34

 

 

The following table summarizes activity in the three months ended March 31, 2007 for all time-based restricted stock grants:

 

 

 

Number of
Shares

 

Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value

 

Nonvested shares outstanding at December 31, 2006

 

255,120

 

$

27.12

 

Awarded and issued (1)

 

54,516

 

 

42.13

 

Vested (2)

 

(33,688

)

 

28.19

 

Forfeited

 

(21,641

)

 

26.58

 

Surrendered for payment of withholding taxes upon vesting (2)

 

(24,924

)

 

28.05

 

Nonvested shares outstanding at March 31, 2007

 

229,383

 

$

30.48

 

______________

(1)

The weighted average fair value at grant date of time-based restricted shares issued during each of the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 was $2.3 million.

(2)

The vesting date fair value of time-based restricted shares that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 was $2.6 million and $1.6 million, respectively.

 

20

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

6.

EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS - Continued

 

The following table summarizes activity in the three months ended March 31, 2007 for all performance-based and total return-based restricted stock grants:

 

 

 

Number of
Shares

 

Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value

 

Nonvested shares outstanding at December 31, 2006

 

106,646

 

$

28.58

 

Awarded and issued (1)

 

40,620

 

 

39.23

 

Vested

 

-

 

 

-

 

Forfeited

 

(5,610

)

 

27.70

 

Surrendered for payment of withholding taxes upon vesting

 

-

 

 

-

 

Nonvested shares outstanding at March 31, 2007

 

141,656

 

$

31.67

 

______________

(1)

The weighted average fair value at grant date of performance and total return-based restricted shares issued during each of the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 was $1.6 million.

 

1999 Shareholder Value Plan

 

Grants under the 1999 Shareholder Value Plan were intended to reward the executive officers of the Company when the total shareholder returns measured by increases in the market value of Common Stock plus dividends exceeded a comparable index of the Company’s peers over a three-year period. Annual grants under this Plan up to 2004 would result in cash payments based on the Company’s percentage change in shareholder return compared to the composite index of its peer group. If the Company’s performance was not at least 100% of the peer group, no payout was made. To the extent performance exceeds the peer group, the payout would have increased. No new grants were made under the 1999 Shareholder Value Plan subsequent to 2004. The 1999 Shareholder Value Plan is accounted for as a liability award and, accordingly, at each period-end, a liability equal to the current computed fair value under the plan for all outstanding plan units, adjusted for the three-year vesting period, is recorded with corresponding charges or credits to compensation expense. For the grants issued in early 2004 and whose three-year performance period ended on December 31, 2006, a liability of approximately $0.7 million was recorded at December 31, 2006 with an offset to compensation expense. During the three months ended March 31, 2007, an additional $0.2 million was recorded as a liability with an offset to compensation expense. The Company paid the $0.9 million obligation in the first quarter of 2007. No compensation expense was recorded under this plan for the three months ended March 31, 2006. There are no grants outstanding under this plan as of January 1, 2007.

 

21

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

6.

EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS - Continued

 

Retirement Plan

 

Effective for 2006, the Company adopted a retirement plan applicable to all employees, including executive officers, who, at the time of retirement, have at least 30 years of continuous qualified service or are at least 55 years old and have at least 10 years of continuous qualified service. Subject to advance retirement notice and execution of a non-compete agreement with the Company, eligible retirees would be entitled to receive a pro rata amount of the annual incentive payment earned during the year of retirement. Stock options and time-based restricted stock granted by the Company to such eligible retiree during his or her employment would be non-forfeitable and become exercisable according to the terms of their original grants. Eligible retirees would also be entitled to receive a pro rata amount of any performance-based and total return-based restricted stock originally granted to such eligible retiree during his or her employment that subsequently vests after the retirement date according to the terms of their original grants. The benefits of this retirement plan apply only to restricted stock and stock option grants beginning in 2006 and will be phased in by applying the benefits to 25% of grants made in 2006, to 50% of grants made in 2007, to 75% of grants made in 2008 and to 100% of grants made in 2009 and thereafter. For employees who meet the retirement eligibility requirements, their grants are fully expensed immediately to the extent of the phased-in benefits because there is no future service required in order to have full rights to the grants. Compensation expense related to the retirement plan was approximately $0.4 million and $0.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Grants made prior to 2006 are unaffected.

 

Deferred Compensation

 

The Company has a deferred compensation plan pursuant to which each executive officer and director can elect to defer a portion of base salary and/or annual incentive payment (or director fees) for investment in various unrelated mutual funds. Prior to January 1, 2006, executive officers and directors also could elect to defer cash compensation for investment in units of phantom common stock of the Company. At the end of each calendar quarter, any executive officer and director who deferred compensation into phantom stock was credited with units of phantom stock at a 15.0% discount. Dividends on the phantom units are assumed to be issued in additional units of phantom stock at a 15.0% discount. If an officer that deferred compensation under this plan leaves the Company’s employ voluntarily or for cause within two years after the end of the year in which such officer deferred compensation for units of phantom stock, at a minimum, the 15.0% discount and any deemed dividends are forfeited. Over the two-year vesting period, the Company records additional compensation expense equal to the 15.0% discount, the accrued dividends and any changes in the market value of Common Stock from the date of the deferral, which aggregated $0.04 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Cash payments from the plan for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 were $0.1 million and $0.08 million, respectively. Transfers made from the phantom stock investment to other investments in the deferred compensation plan for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $0.4 million.

 

401(k) Savings Plan

 

The Company has a 401(k) savings plan covering substantially all employees who meet certain age and employment criteria. The Company contributes amounts for each participant at a rate of 75% of the employee’s contribution (up to 6% of each employee’s salary). During the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, the Company contributed $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively, to the 401(k) savings plan. Administrative expenses of the plan are paid by the Company.

 

22

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

6.

EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS - Continued

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

The Company has an Employee Stock Purchase Plan for all active employees under which employees can elect to contribute up to 25.0% of their base and annual incentive compensation for the purchase of Common Stock. At the end of each three-month offering period, the contributions in each participant's account balance, which includes accrued dividends, are applied to acquire shares of Common Stock at a cost that is calculated at 85.0% of the lower of the average closing price on the New York Stock Exchange on the five consecutive days preceding the first day of the quarter or the five days preceding the last day of the quarter. The Operating Partnership issues one Common Unit to the Company in exchange for the price paid for each share of Common Stock. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules prohibited the Company from issuing shares of Common Stock pursuant to the plan under the Company’s Form S-8 registration statement during 2005 and a portion of 2006 because of the delay in the filing of the Company’s SEC reports. As a result, no shares were issued during this period under the plan, and the funds were held by a trustee. In September 2006, the funds were released by the trustee and 48,035 shares were issued. In addition, in the three months ended March 31, 2007, the Company issued 5,895 shares of Common Stock under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan. The discount on newly issued shares is expensed by the Company as additional compensation and aggregated $0.03 and $0.05 million in the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

 

7.

DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (“AOCL”) at March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006 was $1.4 million and $1.5 million, respectively, and consisted of deferred gains and losses from past cash flow hedging instruments which are being recognized as interest expense over the terms of the related debt (see Note 8). The Company expects that the portion of the cumulative loss recorded in AOCL at March 31, 2007 associated with these derivative instruments, which will be recognized as interest expense within the next 12 months, will be approximately $0.4 million.

 

8.

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

Other comprehensive income represents net income plus the changes in certain amounts deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) related to hedging activities not reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Income. The components of other comprehensive income are as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Net income

 

$

52,558

 

$

14,146

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of hedging gains and losses included in other comprehensive income

 

 

142

 

 

177

 

Total other comprehensive income

 

 

142

 

 

177

 

Total comprehensive income

 

$

52,700

 

$

14,323

 

 

 

23

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

9.

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS AND THE IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS

 

As part of its business strategy, the Company will from time to time selectively dispose of non-core properties in order to use the net proceeds for investments, for repayment of debt and/or redemption of Preferred Stock, or other purposes. The table below sets forth the net operating results and net carrying value of those assets classified as discontinued operations in the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements. These assets classified as discontinued operations comprise 3.3 million square feet of office and industrial properties and 173 rental residential units sold during 2006 and the three months ended March 31, 2007. These long-lived assets relate to disposal activities that were initiated subsequent to the effective date of SFAS No. 144, or that met certain stipulations prescribed by SFAS No. 144. The operations of these assets have been reclassified from the ongoing operations of the Company to discontinued operations, and the Company will not have any significant continuing involvement in the operations after the disposal transactions:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Rental and other revenues

 

$

242

 

$

4,382

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental property and other expenses

 

 

125

 

 

1,624

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

5

 

 

1,106

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

130

 

 

2,730

 

Interest expense

 

 

-

 

 

103

 

Other income

 

 

7

 

 

18

 

Income before minority interest in the Operating Partnership and gains on sales of
discontinued operations

 

 

119

 

 

1,567

 

Minority interest in discontinued operations

 

 

(9

)

 

(144

)

Income from discontinued operations, net of minority interest in the Operating
Partnership

 

 

110

 

 

1,423

 

Gains on sales of discontinued operations

 

 

19,743

 

 

1,894

 

Minority interest in discontinued operations

 

 

(1,481

)

 

(136

)

Gains on sales of discontinued operations, net of minority interest in the Operating
Partnership

 

 

18,262

 

 

1,758

 

Total discontinued operations

 

$

18,372

 

$

3,181

 

 

The net book value of properties classified as discontinued operations that were sold during 2006 and the three months ended March 31, 2007 and held for sale at March 31, 2007 aggregated $228.8 million.

 

SFAS No. 144 also requires that a long-lived asset classified as held for sale be measured at the lower of the carrying value or fair value less cost to sell. During the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, there were no properties held for sale which had a carrying value that was greater than fair value less cost to sell; therefore, no impairment loss was recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006.

 

24

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

9.

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS AND THE IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS - Continued

 

SFAS No. 144 also requires that if indicators of impairment exist, the carrying value of a long-lived asset classified as held for use be compared to the sum of its estimated undiscounted future cash flows. If the carrying value is greater than the sum of its undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment loss should be recognized for the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its estimated fair value. In each of the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, no indicators of impairment existed for assets held for use. Therefore, no impairment losses were recorded in the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006.

 

The following table includes the major classes of assets and liabilities of the properties classified as held for sale as of March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006:

 

 

 

March 31,
2007

 

December 31,
2006

 

Land

 

$

-

 

$

3,462

 

Land held for development

 

 

5,391

 

 

14,983

 

Buildings and tenant improvements

 

 

-

 

 

21,949

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

-

 

 

(6,829

)

Net real estate assets

 

 

5,391

 

 

33,565

 

Deferred leasing costs, net

 

 

-

 

 

435

 

Accrued straight line rents receivable

 

 

-

 

 

727

 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

128

 

 

217

 

Total assets

 

$

5,519

 

$

34,944

 

Tenant security deposits, deferred rents and accrued costs (1)

 

$

220

 

$

525

 

______________

(1)

Included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities.

 

 

25

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

10.

EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Basic income per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

34,186

 

$

10,965

 

Preferred Stock dividends

 

 

(4,113

)

 

(4,724

)

Excess of Preferred Stock redemption costs over carrying value

 

 

-

 

 

(1,803

)

Income from continuing operations available for common stockholders

 

 

30,073

 

 

4,438

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

 

18,372

 

 

3,181

 

Net income available for common stockholders

 

$

48,445

 

$

7,619

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for basic earnings per share – weighted average shares (1)

 

 

56,040

 

 

53,813

 

Basic earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

0.53

 

$

0.08

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

 

0.33

 

 

0.06

 

Net income

 

$

0.86

 

$

0.14

 

Diluted income per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

34,186

 

$

10,965

 

Preferred Stock dividends

 

 

(4,113

)

 

(4,724

)

Excess of Preferred Stock redemption costs over carrying value

 

 

-

 

 

(1,803

)

Minority interest in the Operating Partnership

 

 

2,449

 

 

444

 

Income from continuing operations available for common stockholders

 

 

32,522

 

 

4,882

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

 

18,372

 

 

3,181

 

Minority interest in the Operating Partnership in discontinued operations

 

 

1,490

 

 

280

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

 

19,862

 

 

3,461

 

Net income available for common stockholders

 

$

52,384

 

$

8,343

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for basic earnings per share – adjusted weighted average shares (1)

 

 

56,040

 

 

53,813

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee and director stock options and warrants

 

 

1,060

 

 

1,198

 

Common Units

 

 

4,542

 

 

5,422

 

Unvested restricted stock

 

 

258

 

 

155

 

Denominator for diluted earnings per share – adjusted weighted average shares and
assumed conversions

 

 

61,900

 

 

60,588

(2)

Diluted earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

0.53

 

$

0.08

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

 

0.32

 

 

0.06

 

Net income

 

$

0.85

 

$

0.14

 

______________

(1)

Weighted average shares exclude shares of unvested restricted stock pursuant to SFAS 128.

(2)

Options and warrants aggregating approximately 1.0 million shares were outstanding during the three months ended March 31, 2006 but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the exercise prices of the options and warrants were higher than the average market price of Common Stock during that period.

 

26

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

11.

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalent investments and its restricted cash at financial institutions. The combined account balances at each institution typically exceed FDIC insurance coverage and, as a result, there is a concentration of credit risk related to amounts on deposit in excess of FDIC insurance coverage.

 

Land Leases

 

Certain properties in the Company’s wholly owned portfolio are subject to land leases expiring through 2082. Rental payments on these leases are adjusted annually based on either the consumer price index (CPI) or on a pre-determined schedule. Land leases subject to increases under a pre-determined schedule are accounted for under the straight-line method. Total expense recorded for land leases was $0.3 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

 

For one property owned at March 31, 2007, the Company has the option to purchase the leased land in the third year of the lease term at a purchase price of $1.1 million, which increases 2% annually beginning in year three through the fifteenth year of the lease.

 

As of March 31, 2007, the Company’s payment obligations for future minimum payments on operating leases (which include scheduled fixed increases, but exclude increases based on CPI) were as follows:

 

Remainder of 2007

 

$

797

 

2008

 

 

1,077

 

2009

 

 

1,118

 

2010

 

 

1,135

 

2011

 

 

1,155

 

Thereafter

 

 

45,543

 

 

 

$

50,825

 

 

Environmental Matters

 

Substantially all of the Company’s in-service properties have been subjected to Phase I environmental assessments (and, in certain instances, Phase II environmental assessments). Such assessments and/or updates have not revealed, nor is management aware of, any environmental liability that management believes would have a material adverse effect on the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

27

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

11.

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES - Continued

 

Guarantees and Other Obligations

 

The following is a tabular presentation and related discussion of various guarantees and other obligations as of March 31, 2007:

 

Entity or Transaction

 

Type of
Guarantee or Other Obligation

 

Amount
Recorded/
Deferred

 

Date
Guarantee
Expires

 

Des Moines Joint Ventures (1),(6)

 

Debt

 

$

 

11/2015

 

RRHWoods, LLC (2),(7)

 

Indirect Debt (4)

 

$

403

 

8/2010

 

Plaza Colonnade (2),(8)

 

Indirect Debt (4)

 

$

37

 

12/2009

 

SF-HIW Harborview Plaza, LP (3),(5)

 

Rent and tenant improvement (4)

 

$

 

9/2007

 

Eastshore (Capital One) (3),(9)

 

Rent (4)

 

$

2,978

 

11/2007

 

Industrial (3),(10)

 

Environmental costs (4)

 

$

125

 

Until Remediated

 

Highwoods DLF 97/26 DLF 99/32, LP (2),(11)

 

Rent (4)

 

$

419

 

6/2008

 

RRHWoods, LLC and Dallas County Partners (2),(12)

 

Indirect Debt (4)

 

$

49

 

6/2014

 

RRHWoods, LLC (2),(14)

 

Indirect Debt (4)

 

$

28

 

11/2009

 

HIW-KC Orlando, LLC (3),(13)

 

Rent (4)

 

$

395

 

4/2011

 

HIW-KC Orlando, LLC (3),(13)

 

Leasing Costs

 

$

290

 

Until Paid

 

Capitalized Lease Obligations (15)

 

Debt

 

$

451

 

Various

 

Brickstone (2),(16)

 

Debt

 

$

 

5/2017

 

______________

(1)

Represents guarantees entered into prior to the January 1, 2003 effective date of FASB Interpretation No. 45, “Guarantor’s Accounting and Disclosure Requirements for Guarantees, Including Indirect Guarantees of Indebtedness of Others” (“FIN 45”) for initial recognition and measurement.

(2)

Represents guarantees that fall under the initial recognition and measurement requirements of FIN 45.

(3)

Represents guarantees that are excluded from the fair value accounting and disclosure provisions of FIN 45 because the existence of such guarantees prevents sale treatment and/or the recognition of profit from the sale transaction.

(4)

The maximum potential amount of future payments disclosed for these guarantees assumes the Company pays the maximum possible liability under the guaranty with no offsets or reductions. With respect to the rent guarantee, if the space is leased, it assumes the existing tenant defaults at March 31, 2007 and the space remains unleased through the remainder of the guaranty term. If the space is vacant, it assumes the space remains vacant through the expiration of the guaranty. Since it is assumed that no new tenant will occupy the space, lease commissions, if applicable, are excluded.

(5)

As more fully described in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K, in 2002 the Company granted its partner in SF-HIW Harborview Plaza, LP a put option and entered into a master lease arrangement for five years covering vacant space in the building owned by the joint venture. The Company also agreed to pay certain tenant improvement costs. The maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make related to the rent guarantees and tenant improvements was $0.2 million as of March 31, 2007.

 

28

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

11.

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES - Continued

(6)

The Company has guaranteed certain loans in connection with the Des Moines joint ventures. The maximum potential amount of future payments that the Company could be required to make under the guarantees is $8.6 million at March 31, 2007. This amount relates to housing revenue bonds that require credit enhancements in addition to the real estate mortgages. The bonds bear a floating interest rate, which at March 31, 2007 averaged 3.67%, and mature in 2015. If the joint ventures are unable to repay the outstanding balance under these housing revenue bonds, the Company will be required to repay its maximum exposure under these loans. Recourse provisions exist that enable the Company to recover some or all of such payments from the joint ventures’ assets. The joint venture currently generates sufficient cash flow to cover the debt service required by the loan.

(7)

In connection with the RRHWoods, LLC joint venture, the Company guaranteed $3.1 million relating to a letter of credit and corresponding master lease, which expires in August 2010. The guarantee requires the Company to pay under a contingent master lease if the cash flows from the building securing the letter of credit do not cover at least 50% of the minimum debt service. The letter of credit along with the building secure the industrial revenue bonds used to finance the property. These bonds mature in 2015. Recourse provisions exist such that the Company could recover some or all of the payments made under the letter of credit guarantee from the joint venture’s assets. At March 31, 2007, the Company recorded a $0.4 million deferred charge included in other assets and liabilities on its Consolidated Balance Sheet with respect to this guarantee. The Company’s maximum potential exposure under this guarantee was $3.1 million at March 31, 2007.

(8)

The Plaza Colonnade, LLC joint venture has a $50 million non-recourse mortgage that bears a fixed interest rate of 5.7%, requires monthly principal and interest payments and matures on January 31, 2017. The Company and its joint venture partner have signed a contingent master lease limited to 30,772 square feet, which expires in December 2009. The Company’s maximum exposure under this master lease was $1.2 million at March 31, 2007. However, the current occupancy level of the building is sufficient to cover all debt service requirements.

(9)

As more fully described in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K, in connection with the sale of three office buildings to a third party in 2002 (the “Eastshore” transaction), the Company agreed to guarantee rent shortfalls and re-tenanting costs for a five-year period of time from the date of sale (through November 2007). The Company’s maximum exposure to loss under these agreements as of March 31, 2007 was $3.0 million. These three buildings were leased to a single tenant, Capital One Services, Inc., a subsidiary of Capital One Financial Services, Inc., under leases that expire from May 2006 to March 2010. This transaction had been accounted for as a financing transaction and was recorded as a completed sale transaction in the third quarter of 2005 when the maximum exposure to loss under these guarantees became less than the related deferred gain; gain is now being recognized as the maximum exposure under the guarantees is reduced.

(10)

In December 2003, the Company sold 1.9 million square feet of industrial property. As part of the sale, the Company agreed to indemnify and hold the buyer harmless with respect to environmental concerns on the property of up to $0.1 million. As a result, $0.1 million of the gain was deferred at the time of sale and will remain deferred until the environmental concerns are remediated.

(11)

In the Highwoods DLF 97/26 DLF 99/32, LP joint venture, a single tenant currently leases an entire building under a lease scheduled to expire on June 30, 2008. The tenant also leases space in other buildings owned by the Company. In conjunction with an overall restructuring of the tenant’s leases with the Company and with this joint venture, the Company agreed to certain changes to the lease with the joint venture in September 2003. The modifications included allowing the tenant to vacate the premises on January 1, 2006, reducing the rent obligation by 50.0% and converting the “net” lease to a “full service” lease with the tenant liable for 50.0% of these costs at that time. In turn, the Company agreed to compensate the joint venture for any economic losses incurred as a result of these lease modifications. As of March 31, 2007, the Company has approximately $0.4 million in other liabilities and $0.4 million as a deferred charge in other assets recorded on its Consolidated Balance Sheet to account for the lease guarantee. However, should new tenants occupy the vacated space prior to the end of the guarantee period, in June 2008, the Company’s liability under the guarantee would diminish. The Company’s maximum potential amount of future payments with regard to this guarantee as of March 31, 2007 was $0.6 million. No recourse provisions exist to enable the Company to recover any amounts paid to the joint venture under this lease guarantee arrangement.

 

29

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

11.

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES - Continued

(12)

RRHWoods, LLC and Dallas County Partners financed the construction of two buildings with a $7.4 million ten-year loan. As an inducement to make the loan at a 6.3% long-term rate, the Company and its partner agreed to master lease the vacant space and each guaranteed $0.8 million of the debt with limited recourse. As leasing improves, the guarantee obligations under the loan agreement diminish. As of March 31, 2007, no master lease payments were necessary. The Company currently has recorded $0.05 million in other liabilities and $0.05 million as a deferred charge included in other assets on its Consolidated Balance Sheet with respect to this guarantee. The maximum potential amount of future payments that the Company could be required to make based on the current leases in place was approximately $2.1 million as of March 31, 2007. The likelihood of the Company paying on its $0.8 million guarantee is remote since the joint venture currently satisfies the minimum debt coverage ratio and should the Company have to pay its portion of the guarantee, it would be entitled to recover the $0.8 million from other joint venture assets.

(13)

As more fully described in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K, in connection with the formation of HIW-KC Orlando, LLC, the Company agreed to guarantee rent to the joint venture for 3,248 rentable square feet commencing in August 2004 and expiring in April 2011. The Company’s maximum potential amount of future payments with regard to the guarantee is $0.4 million as of March 31, 2007. Additionally, the Company agreed to guarantee the initial leasing costs, originally estimated at $4.1 million, for approximately 11% of the total square feet of the property owned by the joint venture. The Company has paid approximately $0.07 million in 2007 under this guarantee, and approximately $0.3 million is estimated to remain under the guarantee at March 31, 2007.

(14)

In connection with the RRHWoods, LLC joint venture, the Company and its partner each guaranteed $3.0 million to a bank. This guarantee expires in November 2009 and can be renewed, at the joint venture’s option, through November 2011. The bank provides a letter of credit securing industrial revenue bonds, which mature in November 2015. The joint venture’s industrial building secures the bonds. The Company would be required to perform under the guarantee should the joint venture be unable to repay the bonds. The Company has recourse provisions to recover from the joint venture’s assets. The property collateralizing the bonds generates sufficient cash flow to cover the debt service required by the bond financing. In addition to the direct guarantee, the Company is committed to a master lease for 50% of the debt service should the cash flow from the property not be able to pay the debt service of the bonds. As a result of this master lease, the Company has recorded $0.03 million in other liabilities and as a deferred charge in other assets on its Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2007.

(15)

Represents capitalized lease obligations of $0.5 million related to office equipment, which is included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2007.

(16)

In 2006, RRHWoods, LLC completed construction of an office building with a loan by the Company’s joint venture partner. In February 2007, the joint venture borrowed $4.1 million. The loan is non-recourse; however, since the building is currently only 35.0% leased, the lender has required a $1.5 million letter of credit as additional collateral. The Company’s joint venture partner agreed to provide the letter of credit and the Company has in turn agreed to reimburse its partner for 50.0%. The Company would be required to pay on its guarantee should the joint venture be unable to repay the outstanding loan balance. However, the joint venture currently generates sufficient cash flow to cover the debt service required by the loan. As a result, no liability was recorded for the letter of credit guarantee as of March 31, 2007.

 

 

30

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

11.

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES - Continued

 

Litigation, Claims and Assessments

 

The Company is from time to time a party to a variety of legal proceedings, claims and assessments arising in the ordinary course of its business. The Company regularly assesses the liabilities and contingencies in connection with these matters based on the latest information available. For those matters where it is probable that the Company has incurred or will incur a loss and the loss or range of loss can be reasonably estimated, reserves are recorded in the Consolidated Financial Statements. In other instances, because of the uncertainties related to both the probable outcome and amount or range of loss, a reasonable estimate of liability, if any, cannot be made. Based on the current expected outcome of such matters, none of these proceedings, claims or assessments is expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

In 2006 and March 2007, the Company received assessments for state excise taxes and related interest amounting to approximately $5.5 million, related to periods 2002 through 2005. The Company believes that it is not subject to such taxes and has vigorously disputed the assessment. Based on the advice of counsel concerning the status of settlement discussions and on the Company’s analysis, the Company currently believes it is probable that all excise tax assessments, including additional potential assessments for 2005 and 2006, can be settled by the payment of franchise taxes of approximately $0.5 million, and in the fourth quarter of 2006 such amount was accrued and charged to operating expenses. Legal fees related to this matter were nominal and were charged to operating expenses as incurred in 2006 and 2007.

 

12.

INCOME TAXES

 

The Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements include operations of the taxable REIT subsidiary, which is not entitled to the dividends paid deduction and is subject to corporate, state and local income taxes. As a REIT, the Company may also be subject to certain federal excise taxes if it engages in certain types of transactions.

 

Other than the liability for an uncertain tax position and related accrued interest under FIN 48 discussed below, no provision has been made for federal and state income taxes for the REIT during the three month periods ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 because the Company qualifies as a REIT under the Code. The taxable REIT subsidiary has operated at a cumulative taxable loss through March 31, 2007 of approximately $11.2 million and has paid no income taxes since its formation. In addition to the $3.9 million deferred tax asset for these cumulative tax loss carryforwards, the taxable REIT subsidiary also had net deferred tax liabilities of approximately $1.2 million comprised primarily of tax versus book basis differences in certain investments and depreciable assets held by the taxable REIT subsidiary. Because the future tax benefit of all of the cumulative losses is not assured, the approximate $2.7 million net deferred tax asset position of the taxable REIT subsidiary has been fully reserved as management does not believe that it is more likely than not that the net deferred tax asset will be recognized. Accordingly, no tax benefit has been recognized in the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements. The tax benefit of the cumulative losses could be recognized for financial reporting purposes in future periods to the extent the taxable REIT subsidiary generates sufficient taxable income.

 

31

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

12.

INCOME TAXES - Continued

 

In June 2006, the FASB issued FIN 48, which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with SFAS No. 109. FIN 48 prescribes a comprehensive model for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure in the Company’s financial statements for uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in an income tax return. The Company adopted FIN 48 effective January 1, 2007.

 

In connection with the adoption of FIN 48, on January 1, 2007, the Company recorded a $1.4 million liability for an uncertain tax position, with the related expense reflected as a reduction to the beginning balance of distributions in excess of net earnings. This liability is included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities. The Company believes it is reasonably possible that, within 12 months, the liability for the uncertain tax position will be reversed, and income recognized, upon the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations.

 

In addition, the Company adopted the policy of classifying related interest and penalties as income tax expense. On January 1, 2007, approximately $0.2 million of accrued interest was recorded for uncertain tax positions as part of the $1.4 million noted above. There were no significant changes in the components of the liability during the first quarter of 2007. No penalties have been accrued.

 

The Company is subject to federal, state and local income tax examinations by tax authorities for 2003 through 2006.

 

32

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

13.

SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The sole business of the Company is the acquisition, development and operation of rental real estate properties. The Company operates in four segments: office, industrial, retail and residential properties. Each segment has different customers and economic characteristics as to rental rates and terms, cost per square foot of buildings, the purposes for which customers use the space, the degree of maintenance and customer support required and customer dependency on different economic drivers, among others. There are no material inter-segment transactions.

 

The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in Note 1 included herein. Further, all operations are within the United States and, at March 31, 2007, no tenant of the Wholly Owned Properties comprised more than 6.7% of the Company’s consolidated revenues.

 

The following table summarizes the rental income, net operating income and assets for each reportable segment for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Rental and Other Revenues: (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Office segment

 

$

88,912

 

$

83,606

 

Industrial segment

 

 

7,925

 

 

6,891

 

Retail segment

 

 

11,594

 

 

10,272

 

Residential segment

 

 

311

 

 

310

 

Total Rental and Other Revenues

 

$

108,742

 

$

101,079

 

Net Operating Income: (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Office segment

 

$

55,774

 

$

52,507

 

Industrial segment

 

 

6,069

 

 

5,363

 

Retail segment

 

 

7,648

 

 

6,955

 

Residential segment

 

 

117

 

 

137

 

Total Net Operating Income

 

 

69,608

 

 

64,962

 

Reconciliation to income before disposition of property, insurance gain, minority
interest and equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

(29,741

)

 

(27,644

)

General and administrative expense

 

 

(10,911

)

 

(8,692

)

Interest expense

 

 

(24,247

)

 

(25,496

)

Interest and other income

 

 

1,518

 

 

1,977

 

Income before disposition of property, insurance gain, minority interest and equity
in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

$

6,227

 

$

5,107

 

 

 

 

March 31,
2007

 

December 31,
2006

 

Total Assets: (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Office segment

 

$

2,222,300

 

$

2,218,705

 

Industrial segment

 

 

232,779

 

 

230,103

 

Retail segment

 

 

245,451

 

 

247,887

 

Rental residential segment

 

 

19,640

 

 

21,933

 

Corporate and other

 

 

130,534

 

 

126,225

 

Total Assets

 

$

2,850,704

 

$

2,844,853

 

______________

(1)

Net of discontinued operations.

(2)

Real estate and other assets held for sale are included in this table according to the segment type.

 

33

 

HIGHWOODS PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

14.

OTHER EVENTS

 

Gain on Property Insurance Settlement

 

In the fourth quarter of 2005, one of the Company’s office properties located in southeastern Florida sustained damage in a hurricane. The damages are fully insured except for a $341,000 deductible, which was expensed in the fourth quarter of 2005. The Company did not incur any significant loss of rental income as a result of the damages. In 2006, the Company received $2.4 million from the insurance company as advances on the final settlement; these amounts were primarily for clean up costs and certain repairs. The Company is in the process of completing final permanent repairs. During the first quarter of 2007, the insurance company paid the Company an additional $4.9 million upon finalization of the claim. The Company recorded a $4.1 million gain under FASB Interpretation No. 30, “Accounting for Involuntary Conversion of Non-Monetary Assets to Monetary Assets” in the first quarter of 2007.

 

Preferred Stock Redemptions

 

On April 27, 2007, the Company announced that it will redeem, on May 29, 2007, 1.6 million of its outstanding Series B Preferred Shares, aggregating $40.0 million plus accrued and unpaid dividends. In connection with this redemption, the excess of the redemption cost over the net carrying amount of the redeemed shares is estimated to be $1.4 million and will be recorded as a reduction to net income available for common shareholders in the second quarter of 2007.

 

 

34

 

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

You should read the following discussion and analysis in conjunction with the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

 

DISCLOSURE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Some of the information in this Quarterly Report may contain forward-looking statements. Such statements include, in particular, statements about our plans, strategies and prospects under this section and under the heading "Business." You can identify forward-looking statements by our use of forward-looking terminology such as "may,” "will,” "expect,” "anticipate,” "estimate,” "continue" or other similar words. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that our plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. When considering such forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the following important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement:

 

 

speculative development activity by our competitors in our existing markets could result in an excessive supply of office, industrial and retail properties relative to tenant demand;

 

 

the financial condition of our tenants could deteriorate;

 

 

we may not be able to complete development, acquisition, reinvestment, disposition or joint venture projects as quickly or on as favorable terms as anticipated;

 

 

we may not be able to lease or release space quickly or on as favorable terms as old leases;

 

 

increases in interest rates would increase our debt service costs;

 

 

we may not be able to meet our liquidity requirements or obtain capital on favorable terms to fund our working capital needs and growth initiatives or to repay or refinance outstanding debt upon maturity;

 

 

we could lose key executive officers; and

 

 

our southeastern and midwestern markets may suffer unexpected declines in economic growth.

 

This list of risks and uncertainties, however, is not intended to be exhaustive. You should also review the other cautionary statements we make in “Business – Risk Factors” set forth in our 2006 Annual Report.

 

Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly release the results of any revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect any future events or circumstances or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

OVERVIEW

 

We are a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed equity REIT that provides leasing, management, development, construction and other customer-related services for our properties and for third parties. As of March 31, 2007, we owned or had an interest in 385 in-service office, industrial and retail properties, encompassing approximately 33.9 million square feet, which includes 17 in-service office and industrial development properties that had not yet reached 95% stabilized occupancy aggregating approximately 2.6 million square feet, and 527 rental residential units. We are based in Raleigh, North Carolina, and our properties and development land are located in Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. Additional information about us can be found on our website at www.highwoods.com. Information on our website is not part of this Quarterly Report.

 

35

 

 

 

Results of Operations

 

Approximately 81.8% of our rental and other revenue from continuing operations is derived from our office properties. As a result, while we own and operate a limited number of industrial, retail and residential properties, our operating results depend heavily on successfully leasing our office properties. Furthermore, since approximately 65% of our annualized revenues from office properties come from properties located in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee, economic growth in those states is and will continue to be an important determinative factor in predicting our future operating results.

 

The key components affecting our rental revenue stream are dispositions, acquisitions, new developments placed in service, average occupancy and rental rates. Average occupancy generally increases during times of improving economic growth, as our ability to lease space outpaces vacancies that occur upon the expirations of existing leases. Average occupancy generally declines during times of slower economic growth, when new vacancies tend to outpace our ability to lease space. Asset acquisitions, dispositions and new developments placed in service directly impact our rental revenues and could impact our average occupancy, depending upon the occupancy rate of the properties that are acquired, sold or placed in service. A further indicator of the predictability of future revenues is the expected lease expirations of our portfolio. As a result, in addition to seeking to increase our average occupancy by leasing current vacant space, we also must concentrate our leasing efforts on renewing leases on expiring space. Whether or not our rental revenue tracks average occupancy proportionally depends upon whether rents under new leases signed are higher or lower than the rents under the previous leases.

 

Our expenses primarily consist of rental property expenses, depreciation and amortization, general and administrative expenses and interest expense. Rental property expenses are expenses associated with our ownership and operation of rental properties and include expenses that vary somewhat, such as common area maintenance and utilities, and relatively fixed expenses, such as property taxes and insurance. Some of these variable expenses may be lower when our average occupancy declines. Depreciation and amortization is a non-cash expense associated with the ownership of real property and generally remains relatively consistent each year, unless we buy or sell assets, since we depreciate our properties on a straight-line basis over fixed lives. General and administrative expenses, net of amounts capitalized, consist primarily of management and employee salaries and other personnel costs, corporate and division overhead and long-term incentive compensation. Interest expense depends primarily upon the amount of our borrowings, the weighted average interest rates on our debt and the amount of interest capitalized on development projects.

 

We record in “equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates” our proportionate share of net income or loss, adjusted for purchase accounting effects, of our unconsolidated joint ventures.

 

Additionally, SFAS No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets,” requires us to record net income received from properties sold or held for sale that qualify as discontinued operations under SFAS No. 144 separately as “income from discontinued operations.” As a result, we separately record revenues and expenses from these qualifying properties. As also required by SFAS No. 144, prior period results are reclassified to reflect the operations for such properties in discontinued operations.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We incur capital expenditures to lease space to our customers and to maintain the quality of our properties to successfully compete against other properties. Tenant improvements are the costs required to customize the space for the specific needs of the customer. Lease commissions are costs incurred to find the customer for the space. Lease incentives are costs paid to or on behalf of tenants to induce them to enter into leases and that do not relate to customizing the space for the tenant’s specific needs. Building improvements are recurring capital costs not related to a customer to maintain the buildings. As leases expire, we either attempt to relet the space to an existing customer or attract a new customer to occupy the space. Generally, customer renewals require lower leasing capital expenditures than reletting to new customers. However, market conditions such as supply of available space in the market, as well as demand for space, drive not only customer rental rates but also tenant improvement costs. Leasing capital expenditures are amortized over the term of the lease and building improvements are depreciated over the appropriate useful life of the assets acquired. Both are included in depreciation and amortization in results of operations.

 

36

 

 

 

Because we are a REIT, we are required under the federal tax laws to distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, excluding capital gains, to our stockholders. We generally use rents received from customers and proceeds from sales of non-core development land to fund our operating expenses, recurring capital expenditures and stockholder dividends. To fund property acquisitions, development activity or building renovations, we may sell other assets and may incur debt from time to time. Our debt generally consists of mortgage debt, unsecured debt securities and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

 

As of December 31, 2006 and May 1, 2007, we had approximately $113 million and $417 million, respectively, of additional combined borrowing availability under our unsecured revolving credit facility and under our secured revolving construction credit facility.

 

Our revolving credit facility and the indenture governing our outstanding long-term unsecured debt securities require us to satisfy various operating and financial covenants and performance ratios. As a result, to ensure that we do not violate the provisions of these debt instruments, we may from time to time be limited in undertaking certain activities that may otherwise be in the best interest of our stockholders, such as repurchasing capital stock, acquiring additional assets, increasing the total amount of our debt or increasing stockholder dividends. We review our current and expected operating results, financial condition and planned strategic actions on an ongoing basis for the purpose of monitoring our continued compliance with these covenants and ratios. Any unwaived event of default could result in an acceleration of some or all of our debt, severely restrict our ability to incur additional debt to fund short- and long-term cash needs or result in higher interest expense.

 

To generate additional capital to fund our growth and other strategic initiatives and to lessen the ownership risks typically associated with owning 100.0% of a property, we may sell some of our properties or contribute them to joint ventures. When we create a joint venture with a strategic partner, we usually contribute one or more properties that we own and/or vacant land to a newly formed entity in which we retain an interest of 50.0% or less. In exchange for our equal or minority interest in the joint venture, we generally receive cash from the partner and retain some or all of the management income relating to the properties in the joint venture. The joint venture itself will frequently borrow money on its own behalf to finance the acquisition of, and/or leverage the return upon, the properties being acquired by the joint venture or to build or acquire additional buildings. Such borrowings are typically on a non-recourse or limited recourse basis. We generally are not liable for the debts of our joint ventures, except to the extent of our equity investment, unless we have directly guaranteed any of that debt. In most cases, we and/or our strategic partners are required to guarantee customary exceptions to non-recourse liability in non-recourse loans. See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on certain debt guarantees. We have historically also sold additional Common Stock or Preferred Stock or issued Common Units to fund additional growth or to reduce our debt, but we have limited those efforts since 1998 because funds generated from our capital recycling program in recent years have provided sufficient funds to satisfy our liquidity needs. In addition, we have recently used funds from our capital recycling program to redeem Common Units and Preferred Stock for cash.

 

 

37

 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

In accordance with SFAS No. 144 and as described in Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, we reclassified the operations and/or gain/(loss) from disposal of certain properties to discontinued operations for all periods presented if the operations and cash flows have been or will be eliminated from our ongoing operations and we will not have any significant continuing involvement in the operations after the disposal transaction and the properties were either sold during 2006 and the first three months of 2007 or were held for sale at March 31, 2007. There were no properties sold during 2006 and the first three months of 2007 that did not meet the conditions as stipulated by SFAS No. 144.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2007 and 2006

 

The following table sets forth information regarding our unaudited results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 ($ in millions):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

2007 to 2006

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

$ Change

 

% of Change

 

Rental and other revenues

 

$

108.7

 

$

101.1

 

$

7.6

 

7.5

%

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental property and other expenses

 

 

39.1

 

 

36.1

 

 

3.0

 

8.3

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

29.7

 

 

27.6

 

 

2.1

 

7.6

 

General and administrative

 

 

10.9

 

 

8.7

 

 

2.2

 

25.3

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

79.7

 

 

72.4

 

 

7.3

 

10.1

 

Interest expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contractual

 

 

22.7

 

 

23.8

 

 

(1.1

)

(4.6

)

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

 

0.6

 

 

0.8

 

 

(0.2

)

(25.0

)

Financing obligations

 

 

1.0

 

 

0.9

 

 

0.1

 

11.1

 

 

 

 

24.3

 

 

25.5

 

 

(1.2

)

(4.7

)

Other income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income

 

 

1.5

 

 

1.9

 

 

(0.4

)

(21.1

)

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

1.9

 

 

(0.4

)

(21.1

)

Income before disposition of property, insurance gain, minority interest and equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

6.2

 

 

5.1

 

 

1.1

 

21.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains on disposition of property, net

 

 

16.7

 

 

4.3

 

 

12.4

 

288.4

 

Gain from property insurance settlement

 

 

4.1

 

 

-

 

 

4.1

 

100.0

 

Minority interest

 

 

(2.6

)

 

(0.5

)

 

(2.1

)

(420.0

)

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 

9.7

 

 

2.1

 

 

7.6

 

361.9

 

Income from continuing operations

 

 

34.1

 

 

11.0

 

 

23.1

 

210.0

 

Discontinued operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from discontinued operations, net of minority interest

 

 

0.1

 

 

1.4

 

 

(1.3

)

(92.9

)

Gains on sales of discontinued operations, net of minority interest

 

 

18.3

 

 

1.7

 

 

16.6

 

976.5

 

 

 

 

18.4

 

 

3.1

 

 

15.3

 

493.5

 

Net income

 

 

52.5

 

 

14.1

 

 

38.4

 

272.3

 

Dividends on Preferred Stock

 

 

(4.1

)

 

(4.7

)

 

0.6

 

12.8

 

Excess of Preferred Stock redemption cost over carrying value

 

 

-

 

 

(1.8

)

 

1.8

 

100.0

 

Net income available for common stockholders

 

$

48.4

 

$

7.6

 

$

40.8

 

536.8

%

 

Rental and Other Revenues

 

The increase in rental and other revenues from continuing operations was primarily the result of higher average occupancy in 2007 as compared to 2006, the contribution from developed properties placed in service in 2006 and

 

38

 

 

the first three months of 2007 and higher escalation income in 2007 as a result of the increase in operating expenses for the same period. These increases were partly offset by an approximate $0.8 million decrease in lease termination fees from 2006 to 2007.

 

Rental Property and Other Expenses

 

Rental and other operating expenses from continuing operations (real estate taxes, utilities, insurance, repairs and maintenance and other property-related expenses) increased $3.0 million in the first quarter of 2007 compared to the first quarter of 2006, primarily as a result of general inflationary increases in certain operating expenses, such as utility costs, insurance costs and real estate taxes. In addition, rental property and operating expenses of developed properties placed in service in 2006 and the three months ended March 31, 2007 contributed to the increase in the first quarter of 2007.

 

Rental revenues less rental and other operating expenses increased in 2007 compared to 2006. However, although we recover a portion of